What is HLOOKUP in MS Excel and How to use the HLOOKUP Function

Excel is an incredibly powerful tool for data analysis and manipulation. It has a wide range of features that enable users to organize, analyze, and present their data in a meaningful way. Among these features is the Hlookup function, which allows users to quickly look up information from a table or array of data. In this blog post, we will explore what HLOOKUP is and how it improves your workflow in Excel. We’ll also provide examples of how HLOOKUP can be applied so that you can get started using this powerful feature right away.

What is HLOOKUP in excel?

Excel’s HLOOKUP function searches for a value in the top row of a table and returns the corresponding value in the same column from a row you specify in the table. The table can be a cell range, or an array constant.

If you want to look up data in a table by row, you can use the vertical lookup function.

The syntax for HLOOKUP is:


lookup_value is the value you want to look up in the first row of the table.
table_array is the cell range or array that contains the data you want to look up.
row_index_num is the number of rows down from the top of the table where the return value is located. For example, if row_index_num is 3 and your lookup_value is in the first row of your table (row 1), then your return value will come from the third row down in your specified table (row 3). If this argument is omitted, it defaults to 1, which means that HLOOKUP will always return a value from the first row of your specified table.

range_lookup specifies whether you want HLOOKUP to find an exact or approximate match for lookup_value. If omitted, it

How to use Horizontal lookup in excel?

Assuming that you have your data set up in a table with the lookup value in the left-most column and the return values in the columns to the right, HLOOKUP will search for the lookup value in the first row of the table and return the corresponding value from a row further down in the table.

For example, if you have a table with product ID numbers in the first column, and prices in the second column, you could use HLOOKUP to find the price of a given product ID. You would specify the ID number as the lookup value and tell HLOOKUP which row to return the price from.

To use HLOOKUP, select the cell where you want to display the result. Then, enter =HLOOKUP(lookup_value,table_array,row_index_num,[range_lookup]) into that cell.

Replace the lookup_value with a cell reference to or value of the cell containing the Lookup Value
Change table_array with cell range reference for Table Array
Replace row_index_num with a number specifying which row below Lookup Value contains desired Return Value
Specify TRUE or FALSE for [range_lookup] depending on whether an approximate or exact match is desired

Pros and cons of using horizontal LOOKUP in excel

There are a few pros and cons to using HLOOKUP in excel. On the pro side, HLOOKUP can be used to quickly find data in a large table or database. It is also relatively easy to use and may be applied to both horizontal and vertical data sets. On the con side, HLOOKUP can be slow when working with very large data sets, and it can be difficult to understand the syntax if you are not familiar with Excel.

Alternatives to Horizontal LOOKUP in excel

There are a few alternatives to the HLOOKUP function in excel. The first option is to use the vertical lookup function. This function works in a similar way to HLOOKUP, but instead of looking for a value in a row, it looks for a value in a column.

Another alternative is to use the index and match functions together. These two functions can be used to look up values in any direction, not just horizontally. This can be helpful if your data is more complex and you need more flexibility in how you look up values.

Finally, you can also use the offset function to look up values that are not directly next to each other.


The HLOOKUP function in Excel is an incredibly powerful tool for quickly and accurately finding data within your spreadsheets. It enables you to look up values from a horizontal table, saving time and simplifying complex calculations. Whether you’re just starting out with Excel or looking to become more proficient, understanding the basics of the HLOOKUP command can open up new opportunities. With a little practice, soon you’ll be able to use it like a pro! For more such informative articles please visit https://earnthroughfreelancing.com/

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